There may be a more effective way to screen for HPV and cervical cancers. The new method is the HPV test. It has been shown to detect cancers 95% of the time, wheras the Pap smear detected cancers only 55% of the time. There are more false positives with the HPV test, but it only rises from 3% with the Pap to 6%. RIght now, the test is available only for women over their 30s who also get a Pap smear. The hope is to see if it is possible to move to using it soley.