The first case of avian influenza since May was recently reported in China, when tests confirmed that a patient in the eastern Jiangsu province was infected with H5N1 influenza. The 24-year-old man was diagnosed with pneumonia, and presented with fever, chills, and other symptoms of respiratory disease. He died today, 5 days after being admitted into the hospital. The man had had no direct contact with poultry, which has led public health officials to account for the possibility of human-to-human transmission. 69 contacts of the man have been traced and are currently under observation. None of them have shown any signs of bird flu.